Have you ever heard the story about the farmer who told his wife one morning that he was going to plough the southern side of his farm ?He got off to an early start so he could oil the tractor . He needed more oil, so he went to the shop to get it. On the way to the shop, he noticed his cows weren’t fed . So he proceeded to the cattle feed , where he found some sacks of feed. The sacks reminded him that his potatoes were sprouting. When he started for the potato pit , he passed the woodpile and remembered that his daughter wanted wood in the house. As he picked up a few sticks , an ailing goat passed by. He dropped the wood and reached for the goat. When evening arrived , the frustrated farmer had not even gotten to the tractor, let alone the field!

How many times have you found yourself in a similar situation? You intended to do something you knew was important, but were distracted and never accomplished what you set out to do.

Or perhaps you can think of something that you have always wanted to do but can never find time for.

By the same question, are you aware of something that you do often that is a waste of time ?

If you are a normal person, you answered “Yes” to both questions and thought of something specific in each case. Isn’t it strange that we can want to do one thing for a long time and never get to it, and yet at the same time we freely admit that we are wasting time on other activities ?


The Miracles of Jesus Christ – 1

Healing Peter’s Mother-in-Law

After worshipping  in the synagogue on the Sabbath day, Jesus Christ and at least Peter, Andrew, James, and John went to Peter’s home to relax and eat. When they arrived, Peter’s wife’s mother was bedridden with a fever, providing Christ an opportunity to perform another act of mercy. This healing occurred on the same Sabbath that He exorcised the unclean spirit, revealing His authority over evil.

Jesus was supreme over all that God granted Him, and the Gospel accounts illustrate this by showing His power over disease. After Peter’s mother-in-law’s friends and relatives had spoken to Jesus about her condition, He performed the miracle of healing directly and completely. She was so wholly restored to health that she could immediately attend to and serve her guests!

What important fact does Luke’s account add? Luke 4:38

It is probable that Peter’s wife’s mother (likely a widow) was living with them. The family and their friends were quite concerned by her fever-stricken condition. Aware of the miracles Christ had begun to perform, they pleaded with Him to intervene on her behalf.

Yet, only Luke, a physician, adds the vital fact that she had a high fever. A doctor in Jesus’ day would have noted the degree of fever to assess the severity of the patient’s illness. Luke would have made careful inquiry into the details of the situation before recording his account. Thus, his testimony to the miraculous power of Christ is more reliable and thus of great importance, especially to new converts and skeptics.

Why does Christ rebuke her fever? Luke 4:39

When Jesus went into the room where the elderly lady lay, Luke writes, “He stood over her and rebuked her fever,” another detail Matthew and Mark omit. Was he addressing some hostile power? On another occasion, He rebuked the raging wind and water to end a storm on the Sea of Galilee (Luke 8:24). “Rebuked” in this verse is the same word used in Luke 4:35 and Mark 1:25, where Jesus “rebuked” the demon during the exorcism in the synagogue. The word means “to censure or admonish.” When Jesus rebuked something, evil was present, and His example instructs us that evil must be condemned if real healing is to occur.

There are times when the solutions to our problems may require rebuke or strong admonition. No one enjoys being on the receiving end of a rebuke, yet if sin has caused the problem, it must be rebuked before repentance can happen. In a larger sense, the world desires peace, but few are willing to punish evil. The attitude toward evil today is not that of condemnation but of toleration.

Even so, not all sickness is caused by sin (John 11:4). At times, God permits sickness to provide an opportunity to bring glory to Himself and His Son.

Why does Christ touch her hand? Matthew 8:15

An important aspect of the miracle is manifested as Jesus lifted the woman by the hand, and the fever left her. The laying on of His hands (see Hebrews 6:2) was something He did often. He even touched lepers, though the Gospels never mention Him laying hands on a demon-possessed person. Through His hands flowed the power of the Holy Spirit, producing immediate restoration to health.

Another feature of this miracle is the way He infused full strength into the woman, enabling her to serve her guests. Her recovery did not include a period of weakness and exhaustion, which usually follows a high fever, but she at once became energetic and full of health. The restoration of her health must have encouraged great gratitude, which manifested itself in service to Jesus and the others there. This sets a pattern for all who are healed, both physically or spiritually: They should use their new strength to serve God and His people with thankfulness (1 Thessalonians 5:18). Peter exhorts, “If anyone ministers [serves], let him do it as with the ability which God supplies, that in all things God may be glorified through Jesus Christ” (1 Peter 4:11).


Dealing with the power of Pisgah

Pisgah refers to a condition of life when you are at the verge of breakthrough, but a force prevents you from attaining it. You can see the miracle but unable to walk into it. The Bible says God took Moses to the top of Pisgah and showed him the Promised Land. He had for so many years laboured to get into, but he never crossed over there. When you look around today, you will find that so many people get close to success but never make it in life. It is the power of Pisgah that is working against them. This explains why a lot of people work so hard in life but never reap the fruit of their labour. Whenever you meet such people, their story is summarised in one slogan; I almost killed the bird, I almost got the contract, I almost got married, I almost…….. But never getting there. This is what I call the “near success syndrome.” if that has been your situation today, I prophesy to you today, you are crossing over by fire!

There is a power responsible for such failure at the edge of success. In Num. 23:14, the Bible tells us that, “Balaam stood at the mount of Pisgah and erected 7 altars, with the intention of striking the people. This means if the power of Pisgah is operating in someone’s life, an evil altar has been erected against such a person. How else can we explain the case of Moses, whose purpose in life was to deliver the Israelites from Egypt and lead them into the Promised Land. He earnestly looked forward to entering that Promised Land, having suffered through the wilderness and coping with the rebellious attitude of the people, he missed out of the Promised Land. The power of Pisgah pushed him out of his rest.

There are some “powers that be”, which will never fight or oppose you when you start a race. They wait at the finishing line to strike. This same power pursued Moses, the meekest man on earth, out of his expected end.

A young man once applied for a job, and satisfactorily attempted all the different stages of exams after which he was shortlisted for a final interview. He arrived early at the venue but got stuck in an elevator that was to take him to the floor of the conference room where the interview was scheduled to hold. The electrical fault could not be rectified till about 1pm when the interview was over. The panel of interviewers waited for him not knowing he was within the premises. He missed the job. The power of Pisgah struck when he was close to being employed in that company. In the same vein, so many people who are pregnant with miracles suffer devastating miscarriage while waiting for the fullness of their joy.

A lot of people are fighting an intense satanic battle at the edge of their breakthrough. 1 Cor. 16:9 says “God has opened the door for us already” that is, every promise has been given to us but a great multitude of enemies are standing right at the door to see that you don’t walk in. We begin to understand why somebody can get a promise of help from a friend or relation and suddenly the helper begins to tell a different story or even hide from the person; it is the power of Pisgah. In some families, nobody ever rises beyond a particular level.

The only way to tackle such a situation is by prayers. If Balaam was hired at Pisgah to strike the Israelites, we must be ready to strike every enemy at the gate. Some of the signs of the power of Pisgah is in operation includes, having a particular dream that comes repeatedly when you are about to get a breakthrough such as picking of coins, snails, etc. Some others are being pursued by human or masquerade in the dream. The implication of this is that they are pursued out of their blessings. Some have sex in the dream when close to their breakthrough and so miss it. For some, it is a display of unnecessary anger. This was what pushed Moses out of his promised land. Sin is a major sign.

Finally, the power of Pisgah is the most frustrating spiritual battle that people engage in. What could be worse than labouring so hard for something, and just when your efforts are expected to yield returns, it slips through your finger? We must be determined to strike any enemy standing at the gate of our miracles, by tackling it with intensive prayers.

Spirit of Heaviness

The spirit of heaviness is a condition we’ve all experienced at different seasons in life. Who of us hasn’t felt the crushing weight of circumstances, grief, or exhaustion threaten to block our sense of God’s presence?

Even though Jesus warned us that in this world we would have trouble, He assured us that He has overcome this world. In Him, we can too.

“The spirit of heaviness can be characterized as any intense negative feeling that challenges our faith and what we know about God. Heaviness may result from our own habitual sins like addiction, lying, and gossip, or could also occur from the loss of a job, even a loved one. To feel heavy is to be burdened, and to be burdened is to not carry the light and easy yoke of Jesus.

It’s important to note that a spirit of heaviness should not be confused with clinical depression or mental illness. Spiritual heaviness is caused by a spiritual burden, which can only be remedied through spiritual means, while clinical depression and mental illness are considered physiological and psychological maladies. This is not to say that one can’t lead to the other, but for the purpose of this article, we’ll focus on the spiritual issues.

A spirit of heaviness often creeps in during times of trouble. God allows testing and trials in our lives to refine us into the image of His Son. But the enemy will do everything in his power to thwart that process. Although suffering exists in every Christian’s journey with Jesus, our hope lies in His promise that we never have to walk through those valleys alone.

There are many reasons Christians choose to break fellowship with other Believers. But the Bible is clear that we’re to clear up any and all hindrances to fellowship among Brothers and Sisters in Christ. The world watches our interactions with each other, more than ever. The communion Christians have with one another speaks to the unsaved world about our communion with God. We can’t allow unforgiveness, offense, and hurt feelings keep the Body of Christ from bearing our Savior’s image to the world He died to save. But beyond that, we can never walk in the freedom of the Holy Spirit until we make right our relationships with other Believers—and choose to invest time together in serving His purposes.

When everything around us appears dark and foreboding, we have a choice to hunker down and hide or be the light in the darkness. Even when don’t feel the light of God’s presence, we can trust that He lives within us.

 Oftentimes our brokenness can reveal His light to the perishing world, better than anything else. When we make a choice to serve others out of our own depletion—His perfect love shines through. “We are hard pressed on every side, but not crushed; perplexed, but not in despair; persecuted, but not abandoned; struck down, but not destroyed. We always carry around in our body the death of Jesus, so that the life of Jesus may also be revealed in our body” (2 Corinthians 4:8-10)

Victory Over Demons and Fear

It looks like many people want to remain ignorant of the existence of the powers of the underworld, and that these evil powers attack people in many different ways and trouble them. How many are totally unaware that these evil powers disrupt the peace and tranquility of many families.

The Lord Jesus Christ said, “Fear not those who have power to kill only the body.” When the God of gods became a man and lived among men and ministered on this earth for a short period, he had to rebuke many unclean spirits and cast them out from people. These evil spirits tremble at the Name of this Living Saviour who laid down His life for our sins and rose again from the dead. It is He who is Christ, the true Saviour.

Some evil spirits suddenly possess and live inside human beings. Some of them reveal themselves at times that they are inside these people, but for the rest they lie low. There are other spirits who remain in hiding inside human beings so long, in such a way that no one knows it, till they meet a man of God, who is truly filled with God’s Holy Spirit. After meeting a true man of God, they begin to cry out, faint, fall down and foam. Once they come out of hiding, they manifest themselves quite freely. Even in their first encounter with a true servant of Jesus Christ, they are thrown into a state of confusion.

Most people who call themselves Christians do not know at all what to do with such problems, because they do not have any real relationship with the Saviour Jesus Christ. They are not His children. So they run to magicians and fortune-tellers seeking some quick remedy. They also spend a lot of money buying charms and amulets.

Soothsayers and magicians worship devils. People who go to such people seeking help add greatly to their miseries. Great spiritual darkness grips them and their progeny and a variety of oppressions seize their families. Jesus Christ Himself has said that it is not possible to cast out devils with the help of the devil. Sometimes these magicians appear to stop these troubles temporarily, using spirits with greater power to control spirits with less power. But very soon the outbreaks of fear, fits and other weird manifestations get completely out of hand. The enchantments of the magicians fail and those evil spirits come back to those that were possessed by them.

“Ye shall not eat anything with the blood; neither shall ye use enchantment, nor observe times… Regard not them that have familiar spirits, neither seek after wizards, to be defiled by them. I am the Lord your God.” Leviticus 19: 26, 31. Please read Deuteronomy 18:10-14. Palmistry, fortune-telling, horoscopes, observing of times and days and the like are great abominations in the sight of the Living God. The devil’s terrible attacks will come on those that are involved in these things and other rites which are connected with idol worship.

“Whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.” Acts 2:21.

Have a Victorious New Year 2023.

Extract From : A basic practical guide-book for those who need enlightenment on this subject – By N. Daniel

The Divine Spirit and the Human Spirit


Why are we emphasizing the difference between the Holy Spirit and the human spirit? It is because our greatest problem is that we do not know the indwelling Spirit or realize that the human spirit is the very dwelling place of the Holy Spirit; neither do we know that these two spirits are being mingled together as one Spirit. This is a pity! It is the mark of God’s economy, and many Christians are missing this mark. It is like a house that is inaccessible because the key is missing. Only the key will open the house to us that we may enjoy everything in it. For centuries the enemy has covered the key. What is the key? It is that our human spirit is the dwelling place of the Holy Spirit, and that our human spirit is one with the wonderful Holy Spirit.

The human spirit is the strategic point for the inner life. We all have to know our human spirit. It is here that we have been born again and it is here that we worship God. “God is Spirit; and those who worship Him must worship in spirit” (John 4:24), not in the Holy Spirit, but in our human spirit. In our reborn human spirit we worship God, we serve God, we fellowship with one another, and we grow in life. We even have the church life here.

Man can be likened to a radio. The Holy Spirit is like the heavenly radio waves. The spirit in man is like the radio receiver. The receiver is our spirit. God has done His part, and we have to take care of our spirit. We have to cooperate with God by preparing the proper organ to receive what He is, what He has done, and what He is going to do. There is no need for us to take care of the side of the Holy Spirit. That has been fully taken care of by God. We simply need to take care of our side, the human spirit.

Let us go on to see something about the composition of the human spirit. The spirit is a complete unit, composed of three parts or functions: conscience, fellowship, and intuition. The shaded area in the diagram below illustrates the parts of the spirit.

The conscience is found in Romans 9:1, “My conscience bearing witness with me in the Holy Spirit.” Comparing Romans 9:1 with Romans 8:16, the conscience is located in the human spirit. On the one hand, the Holy Spirit bears witness with our spirit. On the other hand, our conscience bears witness with the Holy Spirit. This proves that the conscience must be a function of our spirit.

It is easy to understand the conscience. We are all familiar with this. To perceive right from wrong is one function of the conscience (Psa. 51:10; 34:18). To condemn or to justify is another one of its functions (1 Cor. 5:3). It is also easy to comprehend the fellowship. The fellowship is our communion with God (John 4:24; Rom. 1:9). Within our spirit, such a function makes it possible to contact God (Eph. 6:18; Luke 1:47; 1 Cor. 6:17). In a simple word, fellowship is to touch God. But it is not very easy to understand the intuition. Intuition means to have a direct sense or knowledge (Mark 2:8). There is such a direct sense in our spirit, regardless of reason, circumstances, or background. It is a sense without reason, a sense that is not “reasonable” (1 Cor. 2:11). It is a direct sense of God and a direct knowledge from God. This function is what we call the intuition of the spirit. Thus, the spirit is known by the functions of the conscience, the fellowship, and the intuition.


The Spirit here is not a “wind from God”, sent out to dry what was created… it is the personal spirit,  the Third Person of the Trinity… The word translated by “hovering”… is used elsewhere of a bird that hovers protectively over her young (Deut. 33:11). Already in the first instance where the Holy Spirit is mentioned in Scripture His activity is portrayed for us in an image borrowed from the kingdom of the birds, just as elsewhere he appears as a dove. Here “hovering”, “brooding”, has in view the stirring of live within lifeless material. The brooding of birds brings out very aptly that life originates from outside by fructification. In the world there is at first no life. The Spirit of God must hover above the roaring flood, for its roaring is a dead noise. But the Spirit of God hovers on and above the waters. He does not mingle with them. Even where God’s immanence comes to the fore, God and the world still remain unmixed.

And so here is how God created. “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. And God said, ‘Let there be light,’ and there was light”, etc., etc. (Genesis 1:1–3, ESV).

A question that we must ask is, why the process of creation? Why didn’t God simply create a fully formed earth in the beginning? Certainly he could have done it! God could have very easily spoken the world in its present form into existence, for we agree with Jeremiah the Prophet when he says, “‘Ah, Lord God! It is you who have made the heavens and the earth by your great power and by your outstretched arm! Nothing is too hard for you” (Jeremiah 32:17, ESV). Without a doubt God had the power to speak a fully formed and finished universe into existence from the start. Why the process? Why was the earth made formless and void with darkness over the face of the deep? Why the days of creation wherein God did progressively shape the earth into its present form? To put it differently,it did not take God six days to make the world, but God took six days to make it. Why did God take his time? Why the process?

The answer is that the act of creation was itself revelatory. By this I mean that when God made the heavens and the earth in the way that he did he communicated something to his creatures in the process. He revealed something to his creatures when he created as he did. In the act of creation God revealed important things – things concerning himself – things concerning this world in which we live – things concerning ourselves and his purpose for us. And so it is true that God could have made made the world as we know it in an instant. He could of accomplished this without breaking a sweat! And if he did  – if God created the world in an instant – then the only thing that could truly be said of creation is what is said in Genesis 1:1, “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.” But more than that is said. The earth was at first uninhabitable and dark and then God did shape the world into its present form in six days time. It did not take God six days to make the world, but God took six days to make it. This he did in order to reveal truths concerning his person, his work and his purposes to his creatures. Remember that the angels witnessed the formation of the world in six days time. Something was revealed to them in the process.  And though man was not there to see it as the angels were, God revealed to man all that he did in creation. Remember that  Adam and Eve were to work six days in the garden and rest on the seventh to, among other things, mimic God’s creative activities which had been communicated to them by their Maker.   

The act of creation was itself revelatory. God communicated something to his creatures by what he did and how he did it. While it is true that God communicates to us by his word we should remember that he does first communicate to us by his action. God did at first do something – he created the heavens and the earth in a particular way – and then he gave his word to his creatures. His word tells of his action. His word interprets his action. His word applies the implications of his action to the lives of his creatures. The act of creation was itself revelatory. The act itself said something about God, his world and man who was placed in it!

This same principle applies to all of God’s creative or redemptive actions and the word revelation that does proceed from them.

Take for example the Exodus. God delivered his people out bondage to the Egyptians and he brought them safely into the land that was promised to them. But he did not do it in an instant. Instead there was a process. There were tenplagues that were poured out upon the Egyptians, the last one was the death of the first born (those who had the blood of the lamb on their door posts were not effected, but the LORD covered them, as bird shelters her young, so that the destroyer would not destroy them (Exodus 12:23)). And it was only after the tenth plague that the people were set free. Why ten plagues? Why the process? Was God having a hard time with Pharaoh? Did God break a sweat? No, it did not take God ten plagues to deliver Israel from Egypt, but God took ten plagues to accomplish this act of new creation. And we might say the same thing about the process of passing through the sea, the wilderness wanderings, and the eventual conquest. The exodus event was itself revelatory. God’s people learned something about their God and his purposes for them, not by his word alone, but by his act. And once the act of redemption or new creation was finished, then his word was given as a record of the act, an interpretation, and an application of it.

The same can be said concerning the redemption or the new creation that is in Christ Jesus. Did Christ accomplish our redemption? Did he atone for the sins of his people? Did he say, “it is finished?” Did he sit down at the Fathers right hand to enter into his rest having accomplished all that the Father gave him to do? Yes, he did! But he did it in a particular way. There was a process. And the process did also communicate something of the significance of his person and his work. The act of redemption was itself revelatory.

Listen to what Romans 3:23-25 says, for example. The first part is familiar to you: “for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified by his grace as a gift, through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, whom God put forward as a propitiation by his blood, to be received by faith. This was to showGod’s righteousness, because in his divine forbearance he had passed over former sins. It was to showhis righteousness at the present time, so that he might be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus” (Romans 3:23–26, ESV).

The idea here is not complicated. It is that God reveals himself, not just through his word (as if he lowered his Bible down from heaven on a rope one day) but by his activities. His historical acts  – the act of creation, and the way in which he choose to accomplish it – revealed something. His acts of redemption are also revelatory. The wayin which God rescued Israel out of Egypt, and the wayin which Christ accomplished our redemption, reveled something concerning our God, this world and ourselves.


What then do we learn from God’s creative act? We learn many things that are foundational.

We learn that there is but one God.

This one God created all things seen and unseen.

We learn that all that is not the Creator is the creation.

We learn that there is plurality in the  Godhead. In the beginning it was God who created the heavens and the earth, but he did so by his Word and his Spirit.

We learn that the Triune God, Father, Word and Spirit, created the world to be inhabited. In his goodness he did form and fashion the world to make it a place suitable for man – a temple where man could dwell and enjoy communion with the God who made him.     

We learn that the Triune God, Father, Word and Spirit, is able to make something out of nothing, to bring form to that which is empty and void, life out of death, light out of darkness.

This our God did at creation. He formed the earth to be inhabited.

And this our God does in our redemption.

Israel was as good as dead in Egypt, but God gave them life.

Israel was as good as dead in that wilderness place, that wasteland not suitable for human habitation. And Israel complained to Moses, saying, “Why have you brought the assembly of the Lord into this wilderness, that we should die here, both we and our cattle? And why have you made us come up out of Egypt to bring us to this evil place? It is no place for grain or figs or vines or pomegranates, and there is no water to drink” (Numbers 20:4–5, ESV). But God gave them water from the rock to drink. He gave them manna to eat. And he brought them safely in to the land that he prepared for them, a land suitable for habitation, a land flowing with milk and honey.

And what shall we say of the redemption that we have in Christ Jesus? “And you, who were dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, God made alive together with him, having forgiven us all our trespasses, by canceling the record of debt that stood against us with its legal demands. This he set aside, nailing it to the cross. He disarmed the rulers and authorities and put them to open shame, by triumphing over them in him.” (Colossians 2:13–15, ESV)

In Christ, we who were dead, have been made alive. In Christ, we who walked in darkness, have seen the light. In Christ, we who were once without form and void, not suitable for communion of God, have been made into a temple by and of the Holy Spirit. “For God, who said, ‘Let light shine out of darkness,’ has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ” (2 Corinthians 4:6, ESV).


Our culture, and even the Christian church today, seems to view science in a way similar to how a Roman Catholic views the Pope. If the scientific community says it then it must be true! I know that I’m beginning to wade out into deep and dangerous waters here, and I do not intend to go much further. For now I wonder I could draw your attention to three things. One, I hope you would agree that our observation of the natural world can only take us so far. There are some things that science will never be able to answer. There are certain questions that science is ill equipped to answer. Two, have you considered that the scientific consensus is ever changing. As it is with the Pope of Rome, so it is with science. When someone claims that one or the other speaks infallibly and authoritatively one only has to point out how quickly and how frequently the declarations that come from these institutions, be it the Papacy or the scientific community, have changed. Neither of these institutions should be trusted as our final authority in matters of faith, and their fickleness proves it. Three, would you please acknowledge that even scientists bring presuppositions to their work. Scientists, like Christians, have a worldview of their own. They are not as free from baggage as they might lead you to believe, but come to the task of interpretation with presuppositions.

“In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters” (Genesis 1:1–2, ESV).

The Earth Was At First Uninhabitable

Notice that in verse 2 we are told that the earth was at first uninhabitable. There we find three descriptors  of the earthly realm as it was originally. One, the earth was without form and void. Two, darkness was over the face of the deep. And three, the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. What do these things mean?

What does it mean that the earth was “without form and void”?

In the Hebrew the phrase is  תֹ֨הוּ֙ וָבֹ֔הוּ. The word תֹ֨הוּ֙ means emptiness, wilderness or wasteland. The word תֹ֨הוּ֙ carries a similar meaning. Together the words communicate that the earth was at first desolate and uninhabitable.

Isaiah 45:18 confirms this interpretation when it says, “For thus says the Lord, who created the heavens (he is God!), who formed the earth and made it (he established it; he did not create it empty, he formed it to be inhabited!): ‘I am the Lord, and there is no other’ (Isaiah 45:18, ESV). This verses is saying that though the earth was at first תֹ֨הוּ֙ (empty), this was not God’s purpose for it, so “he formed it to be inhabited.”

What does it mean that “darkness was over the face of the deep”?

It means that there was no light at all, but only darkness covering the primeval waters.

The scene is rather terrifying, isn’t it? Far from warm and homey, the world was at first dark, cold and threatening. I agree with E.J. Young who, in his book, “Studies in Genesis One”, says that it is not appropriate to refer to this condition as a chaos. Chaos implies that something was out of control. That idea is found nowhere in the text. Everything is, in fact, portrayed as being perfectly under God’s control. This world, even as it is described in Genesis 1:2, came from the hand of the Almighty. It was under his care and direction. So the world was not chaotic at this stage, but certainly it was no place for life. It was not yet formed into a home suitable for man.

What does it mean that the “the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters”?

The image is that of a bird fluttering or brooding over her nest to protect her young so as to bring forth life. I appreciate the words of Geerhardus Vos who, in his “Reformed Dogmatics” says, “The Spirit here is not a ‘wind from God…’” The word for Spirit and wind are the same in the Hebrew, and so some have proposed that this should be translated as “wind” –the wind of God was hovering over the face of the waters. Vos rightly  says no.


 I know that I have been repetitive, but it is needed. This interpretation that I have given you of Genesis 1:1 is uncommon today. The older commentators tend to say what I have just said, and the better of the more modern commentators agree, but not many. And I am afraid that Christians today often go on unaware of the heavenly realm. We are often times worldly minded, fixated upon this things of this earth, consumed with the visible,  the physical and the tangible. But the Holy Scriptures begin by establishing that in the beginning God created the heavensand the earth.

In The Beginning God Created The Earth

Notice how quickly the text comes to focus upon the earthly realm. No detail at all is provided concerning the creation of the heavenly realm. We are simply told that God created it in the beginning. But some detail will be given concerning the formation of the earth.

In verse 2 we read, “The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters” (Genesis 1:2, ESV). What follows will be a description of God bringing the earth (the universe) into the form that it has today. There is light and there is darkness. There is land and there is sea. There is an atmosphere for us to breath. These realms are all governed by rulers: the sun, moon and stars; fish and birds; land animals with man as supreme. This is the world as we know it.

But do you see that in verse 2 it is revealed to us that earth was “without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters” (Genesis 1:2, ESV). In other words when God created the earthly realm he did not at first create it complete and fully formed, suitable for the sustenance of life. It was incomplete, unformed, and uninhabitable.

A question we might ask is, how long did the world exist in this incomplete, unformed, and uninhabitable state?

Some very good commentators say that it is impossible to know.

But in order to hold this position – the position that the earth may have existed for a long time in this formless, void, and dark state – one must separate verse 2 from verses 3 through 5, which say, “And God said, ‘Let there be light,’ and there was light. And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness. God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day” (Genesis 1:3–5, ESV).

Put differently, if we are to believe that the earth existed for a long time, “without form and void, [with] darkness… over the face of the deep, and the Spirit of God… hovering over the face of the waters”, then day one of creation must begin verse 3 and the words, “And God said, ‘Let there be light’” (Genesis 1:3, ESV).

In others words, in order to hold the view that the stuff of the universe might be very, very old, but that the earth as we know it in it’s present form is relatively young, one must separate the act of absolute creation that is described in verse 1 from the act of formative creation that is described in verses 3 and following. Only then can we hold to the belief that the stuff of the universe is old, whereas the form of it is relatively young.


That the scriptures teach that there is a heavenly, spiritual and invisible realm (invisible to us) cannot be denied.

But when was this realm made? It was created by God in the beginning.

When were the angels made who reside there? They were created by God in the beginning.

“In the beginning, God created the heavensand the earth.” (Genesis 1:1, ESV)

This is confirmed by the Apostle Paul. When he wrote concerning the creation he said, “For by him [that is Christ, the eternal Word of God come in the flesh] all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible,whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created through him and for him. And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together” (Colossians 1:16–17, ESV). Paul interprets heaven as the spiritual realm that is invisible to us, and earth as the physical realm that does correspond to our natural senses.

Consider also how God’s creation of heaven and earth are spoken of in Nehemiah 9:6. There  the people give praise to God, saying, “You are the Lord, you alone. You have made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth and all that is on it, the seas and all that is in them; and you preserve all of them; and the host of heaven worships you” (Nehemiah 9:6, ESV). Do you hear it? Clearly Nehemiah 9:6 interprets “heaven” of Genesis 1:1 as being the “heaven of heavens”. It is the place where the host, or army, of heaven dwells. That is to say, the angels. They are the ones who worship and serve God forever and ever.

And also consider that Job 38 teaches that the angles of God were present to witness the creation of the world from their heavenly vantage point. It is here in this passage that God questions Job, saying, “Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth? Tell me, if you have understanding. Who determined its measurements—surely you know! Or who stretched the line upon it? On what were its bases sunk, or who laid its cornerstone, when the morning stars sang together and all the sons of God shouted for joy?” (Job 38:4–7, ESV). God is here speaking of the creation, or formation of the earth. And he asks Job, “Where were you” when I did all of this? God was reminding Job that he was God the Creator, and that Job was but a creature. Job was not there to witness the formation of the earth. Indeed, no man was there. Man would not be created until the sixth day, as we will see. But who was there to see? Of course God was there! But so too were there angels. “The morning stars sang together and all the sons of God shouted for joy”, when they witness God’s act of creation.

What did God do in the beginning? He created the heavenly realm, and also the earthly realm. This is why in Isaiah 37:16 God is called the “Lord of hosts [and the] God of Israel, enthroned above the cherubim, you are the God, you alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; you have made heaven and earth” (Isaiah 37:16)


“Therefore, having this ministry by the mercy of God, we do not lose heart. But we have renounced disgraceful, underhanded ways. We refuse to practice cunning or to tamper with God’s word, but by the open statement of the truth we would commend ourselves to everyone’s conscience in the sight of God. And even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing. In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. For what we proclaim is not ourselves, but Jesus Christ as Lord, with ourselves as your servants for Jesus’ sake. For God, who said, ‘Let light shine out of darkness,’ has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.” (2 Corinthians 4:1–6, ESV)

Genesis 1:2 describes to us the condition of the earthly realm as it was immediately following God’s act of absolute creation which was described in Genesis 1:1 and prior to God’s forming of that realm in the world as we know it as described in verses 3 and following.

The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.” Verse 3: “And God said, ‘Let there be light,’ and there was light.’” Verse 6: “And God said, ‘Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.’” Verse 9: “And God said, ‘Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear.’” Etc., etc.

So God did at first call into existence the heavenly invisible realm, along with the earthly physical realm, and the earthly physical realm was at first without form and voiddarkness was over the face of the deep, andthe Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. And after this God did shape, form and fashion the earthly realm into the world as we know it – a place suitable for the maintenance of life and a habitation suitable for man.

In The Beginning God Created Heaven

Remember that the “heavens” of verse 1 refers, not to the place where the birds fly, nor to the place where the stars reside, but to, what Paul refers to as, the third heaven. It is the realm where God’s glory is now manifest, where the elect angels stand before the throne of God to sing him praise, along with the souls of the saints who, having departed from this world, do now enjoy the presence of the Lord as they await the consummation of all things.

In the beginning God created two realms: the spiritual realm, which is typically invisible to us, is called heaven. And the material world which we encounter with our senses is called earth. This acknowledgment of and distinction between heaven and earth is so fundamental to a Christian worldview, it would be foolish to rush through the establishment of it.    

That the scriptures teach the existence of a spiritual realm, which is typically invisible to us, is undeniable. Many examples could be presented from the scriptures where God gives some person, or group of people, a glimpse of this heavenly realm. For now it will suffice to remind you of our recent study of the book of Revelation. Remember how the visions shown to John shifted continuously between the earthly realm and the heavenly realm. In one moment he would say, “And I saw a beast rising out of the sea…” (Revelation 13:1, ESV), or “I saw another beast rising out of the earth…” (Revelation 13:11, ESV). And in the next moment we would hear him say, “Then I saw heaven opened” (Revelation 19:11, ESV), or “I saw under the altar the souls of those who had been slain for the word of God and for the witness they had borne” (Revelation 6:9, ESV). John was one of those who was shown something of the heavenly realities which typically lie beyond our sense perception.

These two realms – the heavenly, and the earthly – are mentioned continuously throughout the pages of Holy Scripture. “Thus says the Lord: ‘Heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool…” (Isaiah 66:1, ESV). Friends, our worldview is not biblical  – certainly it is not mature – if we are not continuously mindful of the heavenly realm that God made in the beginning. In the beginning God created the heavensand the earth. The heavensand the earth remain. And at the end of timeheaven and earth will become one when God makes all  things new. The Christian is to live being ever mindful, not only of the earth (which we see with our natural eyes), but also of heaven (which we can see only with eyes of faith). Therefore, “Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal, but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys and where thieves do not break in and steal. For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also” (Matthew 6:19–21).